The Bills which are in Question:
There are many bills passed in Lok Sabha. In that two bills are for the transforming agriculture in the country and raising farmers’ income. There are as follows: (1) The Farmers’ Produce Trade and Commerce (Promotion and Facilitation) Bill, 2020. (2) The Farmers (Empowerment and Protection) Agreement of Price Assurance and Farm Services Bill, 2020. And third is the Essential Commodities (Amendment) Bill, 2020. They were introduced by Shri Narendra Singh Tomar, Union Minister of Agriculture & Farmers’ Welfare, Rural Development & Panchayati Raj of India.
Now we take a look on that part why it is come? What are the reasons for the bills? There are many questions in everybody’s mind. Right. When anything comes in front of us, we are always taking in a negative way, without knowing the fact. Right or wrong? What was the main purpose behind this no one knows. But we want to provide some positive things about these bills.
Firstly these bills are for the development of farmers. The Indian government take some steps (we are not talking about here any kind of party) for the improvement of poor farmers who are not getting full income of their crops. The government is for committed to the welfare of Gaon-Garib-Kisan. They are just want to provide platforms, where farmers will presently be liberated from the limitations of selling their produce at assigned spots. The procurement at Minimum Support Price will continue and mandis established under State laws will also continue to operate. Nothing is closed. The Union Agriculture Minister said that these legislations will bring about revolutionary transformation and transparency in the agriculture sector, electronic trading will increase, there will be accelerated agricultural growth as private investment will be attracted in building supply chains and agricultural infrastructure, new employment opportunities will be created and rural economy will get a boost, which will in turn help to strengthen the national economy. The farmers will not be charged any cess or levy for sale of their produce under this Act. Further there will be a separate dispute resolution mechanism for the farmers.
Now we are talking about, why it is opposed? So, take a long breath and think what are the reasons for being opposed? There are many reasons like The farmers of Uttar Pradesh, Punjab, and Haryana are irate with the arrangements of these Bills as they are worried about the possibility that these Bills might be the stage that the public authority (at the Center) is setting up for the substitution or rejecting of the generally powerful emotionally supportive network common in their states for the acquisition of their yields. They dread that the Minimum Support Price (MSP) ensure that was their security net since the Green Revolution of the 1960s kicked in, perhaps grabbed away from under the appearance of giving the ranchers all the more playing ground and better stages. The state-government driven yield produce acquisition framework in these regions is excellent. Obtainment through the Food Corporation of India at guaranteed MSP to ranchers, which is pronounced before each horticulture season, urges ranchers to zero in on taking more yield. So, now you can understand why they are opposing the bill.
Now we are talking about the third bill which is the Essential Commodities (Amendment) Bill, 2020. This bill will create a positive environment not only for farmers but also for consumers and investors said by Shri Danve Raosaheb Dadarao, the Minister of State for Consumer Affairs, Food & Public Distribution of India. The purpose of amendment is means to eliminate fears of private financial specialists of over the top administrative impedance in their business tasks. The opportunity to deliver, hold, move, appropriate and supply will prompt bridling of economies of scale and pull in private area/unfamiliar direct interest into horticulture area. It will assist drive with increasing interest in cool stockpiles and modernization of food inventory network.
The new laws permit private purchasers to sidestep government-controlled business sectors that, in addition to other things, help to guarantee ranchers get a base cost for their yields. The public authority says the laws, instituted in September, are important to modernize the generally state-managed area, however ranchers dread the new standards will be mishandled by bigger corporate players and imperil the base valuing framework.